Среда, 07.12.2016, 23:15
Высшее образование
Приветствую Вас Гость | RSS
Поиск по сайту


Главная » Статьи » Экология

Об ограничении выбросов определенных загрязняющих воздух веществ от средних установок сжигания" [рус., англ.] Часть 5

1   2   3   4   5

Article 7

Obligations of the operator

 

1. Member States shall ensure that the operator carries out monitoring of emissions in accordance with, as a minimum, Part 1 of Annex III.

2. For medium combustion plants using multiple fuels, the monitoring of emissions shall be done while firing a fuel or fuel mix that is likely to result in the highest level of emissions and during a period representing normal operating conditions.

3. The operator shall keep a record of and process all monitoring results in such a way as to enable the verification of compliance with the emission limit values in accordance with the rules set out in Part 2 of Annex III.

4. For medium combustion plants using secondary abatement equipment in order to meet the emission limit values, the operator shall keep a record of, or information proving, the effective continuous operation of that equipment.

5. The operator of a medium combustion plant shall keep the following:

(a) the permit or the proof of registration by the competent authority and, if relevant, its updated version and related information;

(b) the monitoring results and information referred to in paragraphs 3 and 4;

(c) where applicable, a record of operating hours as referred to in Article 6(3) and in Article 6(8);

(d) a record of the type and quantities of fuels used in the plant and of any malfunctions or breakdown of secondary abatement equipment;

(e) a record of the events of non-compliance and the measures taken, as referred to in paragraph 7.

The data and information referred to in points (b) to (e) of the first subparagraph shall be kept for a period of at least six years.

6. The operator shall, without undue delay, make available the data and information listed in paragraph 5 to the competent authority upon request. The competent authority may make such a request in order to allow the check of compliance with the requirements of this Directive. The competent authority shall make such a request if a member of the public requests access to the data or information listed in paragraph 5.

7. In the event of non-compliance with the emission limit values set out in Annex II, the operator shall take the measures necessary to ensure that compliance is restored within the shortest possible time, without prejudice to the measures required under Article 8. Member States shall lay down rules for the type, frequency and format of information concerning events of non-compliance to be provided by operators to the competent authority.

8. The operator shall provide the competent authority with all necessary assistance to enable it to carry out any inspections and site visits, to take samples and to gather any information necessary for the performance of its duties for the purposes of this Directive.

9. The operator shall keep the periods of start-up and shut-down of the medium combustion plant as short as possible.

 

Article 8

Compliance check

 

1. Member States shall ensure that valid values for emissions monitored in accordance with Annex III do not exceed the emission limit values set out in Annex II.

2. Member States shall set up an effective system, based on either environmental inspections or other measures, to check compliance with the requirements of this Directive.

3. In the event of non-compliance, in addition to the measures taken by the operator under Article 7(7), Member States shall ensure that the competent authority requires the operator to take any measures necessary to ensure that compliance is restored without undue delay.

Where non-compliance causes a significant degradation of local air quality, the operation of the medium combustion plant shall be suspended until compliance is restored.

 

Article 9

Changes to medium combustion plants

 

Member States shall take the necessary measures to ensure that the operator informs the competent authority, without undue delay, of any planned change to the medium combustion plant which would affect the applicable emission limit values.

The competent authority shall update the permit or the registration, as appropriate, accordingly.

 

Article 10

Competent authorities

 

Member States shall designate the competent authorities responsible for carrying out the obligations arising from this Directive.

 

Article 11

Reporting

 

1. Member States shall, by 1 October 2026 and by 1 October 2031, submit a report to the Commission with qualitative and quantitative information on the implementation of this Directive, on any action taken to verify compliance of the operation of medium combustion plants with this Directive and on any enforcement action for the purposes thereof.

The first report referred to in the first subparagraph shall include an estimate of the total annual emissions of SO2, NOx and dust from medium combustion plants, grouped by plant type, fuel type and capacity class.

2. Member States shall also submit a report to the Commission, by 1 January 2021, with an estimate of the total annual emissions of CO and any information available on the concentration of emissions of CO from medium combustion plants, grouped by fuel type and capacity class.

3. For the purposes of the reporting referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2, the Commission shall make an electronic reporting tool available to Member States.

The Commission shall, by way of implementing acts, specify the technical formats for reporting in order to simplify and streamline reporting obligations for the Member States in relation to the information referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 15.

4. The Commission shall, within twelve months of the receipt of the reports from Member States in accordance with paragraph 1 of this Article, and taking into account information made available in accordance with Article 6(11) and Article 6(12), submit a summary report to the European Parliament and to the Council.

5. When carrying out its duties under paragraphs 3 and 4, the Commission shall be assisted by the European Environment Agency.

 

Article 12

Review

 

1. By 1 January 2020, the Commission shall review progress in relation to the energy efficiency of medium combustion plants and assess the benefits of setting minimum energy efficiency standards in line with best available techniques.

2. By 1 January 2023, the Commission shall assess the need to review the provisions concerning plants which are part of SIS or MIS, as well as Part 2 of Annex II, on the basis of state-of-the-art technologies.

As part of this review, the Commission shall also assess whether for certain or all types of medium combustion plants there is a need to regulate CO emissions.

Thereafter, a review shall take place every ten years and shall include an assessment of whether it is appropriate to set stricter emission limit values in particular for new medium combustion plants.

3. The Commission shall submit a report on the results of the reviews referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 to the European Parliament and to the Council accompanied by a legislative proposal where appropriate.

 

Article 13

Amendment of Annexes

 

The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 14 in order to adapt point 2 of Part 2 of Annex III to technical and scientific progress.

 

Article 14

Exercise of the delegation

 

1. The power to adopt delegated acts is conferred on the Commission subject to the conditions laid down in this Article.

2. The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Article 13 shall be conferred on the Commission for a period of five years from 18 December 2015. The Commission shall draw up a report in respect of the delegation of power not later than nine months before the end of the five-year period. The delegation of power shall be tacitly extended for periods of an identical duration, unless the European Parliament or the Council opposes such extension not later than three months before the end of each period.

3. The delegation of power referred to in Article 13 may be revoked at any time by the European Parliament or by the Council. A decision to revoke shall put an end to the delegation of the power specified in that decision. It shall take effect the day following the publication of the decision in the Official Journal of the European Union or at a later date specified therein. It shall not affect the validity of any delegated acts already in force.

4. As soon as it adopts a delegated act, the Commission shall notify it simultaneously to the European Parliament and to the Council.

5. A delegated act adopted pursuant to Article 13 shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by two months at the initiative of the European Parliament or of the Council.

 

Article 15

Committee procedure

 

1. The Commission shall be assisted by the committee established by Article 75(1) of Directive 2010/75/EU. That committee shall be a committee within the meaning of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011.

2. Where reference is made to this paragraph, Article 5 of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 shall apply.

3. Where the committee delivers no opinion, the Commission shall not adopt the draft implementing act and the third subparagraph of Article 5(4) of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 shall apply.

 

Article 16

Penalties

 

Member States shall lay down the rules on penalties applicable to infringements of the national provisions adopted pursuant to this Directive and shall take all measures necessary to ensure that they are implemented. The penalties provided for shall be effective, proportionate and dissuasive. Member States shall notify those provisions to the Commission by 19 December 2017 at the latest and shall notify it without delay of any subsequent amendment affecting them.

 

Article 17

Transposition

 

1. Member States shall bring into force the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with this Directive by 19 December 2017. They shall immediately inform the Commission thereof.

When Member States adopt those measures, they shall contain a reference to this Directive or shall be accompanied by such reference on the occasion of their official publication. The methods of making such reference shall be laid down by Member States.

2. Member States shall communicate to the Commission the text of the main measures of national law which they adopt in the field covered by this Directive.

 

Article 18

Entry into force

 

This Directive shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

 

Article 19

Addressees

 

This Directive is addressed to the Member States.

 

Done at Strasbourg, 25 November 2015.

 

Annex I

INFORMATION TO BE PROVIDED BY THE OPERATOR TO THE COMPETENT AUTHORITY

 

1. Rated thermal input (MW) of the medium combustion plant;

2. Type of the medium combustion plant (diesel engine, gas turbine, dual fuel engine, other engine or other medium combustion plant);

3. Type and share of fuels used according to the fuel categories laid down in Annex II;

4. Date of the start of the operation of the medium combustion plant or, where the exact date of the start of the operation is unknown, proof of the fact that the operation started before 20 December 2018;

5. Sector of activity of the medium combustion plant or the facility in which it is applied (NACE code);

6. Expected number of annual operating hours of the medium combustion plant and average load in use;

7. Where the option of exemption under Article 6(3) or Article 6(8) is used, a declaration signed by the operator that the medium combustion plant will not be operated more than the number of hours referred to in those paragraphs;

8. Name and registered office of the operator and, in the case of stationary medium combustion plants, the address where the plant is located.

 

Annex II

 

EMISSION LIMIT VALUES REFERRED TO IN ARTICLE 6

All emission limit values set out in this Annex are defined at a temperature of 273,15 K, a pressure of 101,3 kPa and after correction for the water vapour content of the waste gases and at a standardised O2 content of 6% for medium combustion plants using solid fuels, 3% for medium combustion plants, other than engines and gas turbines, using liquid and gaseous fuels and 15% for engines and gas turbines.

 

Part 1

Emission limit values for existing medium combustion plants

Table 1

 

Emission limit values (mg/Nm3) for existing medium combustion plants with a rated thermal input equal to or greater than 1 MW and less than or equal to 5 MW, other than engines and gas turbines

Pollutant

Solid biomass

Other solid fuels

Gas oil

Liquid fuels other than gas oil

Natural gas

Gaseous fuels other than natural gas

SO2

200 <*> <**>

1 100

-

350

-

200 <***>

NOx

650

650

200

650

250

250

Dust

50

50

-

50

-

-

<*> The value does not apply in the case of plants firing exclusively woody solid biomass.

<**> 300 mg/Nm3 in the case of plants firing straw.

<***> 400 mg/Nm3 in the case of low calorific gases from coke ovens in the iron and steel industry.

 

Table 2

Emission limit values (mg/Nm3) for existing medium combustion plants with a rated thermal input greater than 5 MW, other than engines and gas turbines

Pollutant

Solid biomass

Other solid fuels

Gas oil

Liquid fuels other than gas oil

Natural gas

Gaseous fuels other than natural gas

 

SO2

200 <1> <2>

400 <3>

-

350 <4>

-

35 <5> <6>

 

NOx

650

650

200

650

200

250

 

Dust

30 <7>

30 <7>

-

30

-

-

 

<1> The value does not apply in the case of plants firing exclusively woody solid biomass.

<2> 300 mg/Nm3 in the case of plants firing straw.

<3> 1 100 mg/Nm3 in the case of plants with a rated thermal input greater than 5 MW and less than or equal to 20 MW.

<4> Until 1 January 2030, 850 mg/Nm3 in the case of plants with a rated thermal input greater than 5 MW and less than or equal to 20 MW firing heavy fuel oil.

<5> 400 mg/Nm3 in the case of low calorific gases from coke ovens, and 200 mg/Nm3 in the case of low calorific gases from blast furnaces, in the iron and steel industry.

<6> 170 mg/Nm3 in the case of biogas.

<7> 50 mg/Nm3 in the case of plants with a rated thermal input greater than 5 MW and less than or equal to 20 MW.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Table 3

Emission limit values (mg/Nm3) for existing engines and gas turbines

Pollutant

Type of medium combustion plant

Gas oil

Liquid fuels other than gas oil

Natural gas

Gaseous fuels other than natural gas

 

SO2

Engines and gas turbines

-

120

-

15 <1> <2>

 

NOx

Engines

190 <3> <4>

190 <3> <5>

190 <6>

190 <6>

 

Gas turbines <7>

200

200

150

200

 

Dust

Engines and gas turbines

-

10 <8>

-

-

 

<1> 60 mg/Nm3 in the case of biogas.

<2> 130 mg/Nm3 in the case of low calorific gases from coke ovens, and 65 mg/Nm3 in the case of low calorific gases from blast furnaces, in the iron and steel industry.

<3> 1 850 mg/Nm3 in the following cases:

(i) for diesel engines the construction of which commenced before 18 May 2006;

(ii) for dual fuel engines in liquid mode.

<4> 250 mg/Nm3 in the case of engines with a rated thermal input equal to or greater than 1 MW and less than or equal to 5 MW.

<5> 250 mg/Nm3 in the case of engines with a rated thermal input equal to or greater than 1 MW and less than or equal to 5 MW; 225 mg/Nm3 in the case of engines with a rated thermal input greater than 5 MW and less than or equal to 20 MW.

<6> 380 mg/Nm3 for dual fuel engines in gas mode.

<7> Emission limit values are only applicable above 70% load.

<8> 20 mg/Nm3 in the case of plants with a rated thermal input equal to or greater than 1 MW and less than or equal to 20 MW.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Part 2

Emission limit values for new medium combustion plants

Table 1

Emission limit values (mg/Nm3) for new medium combustion plants other than engines and gas turbines

Pollutant

Solid biomass

Other solid fuels

Gas oil

Liquid fuels other than gas oil

Natural gas

Gaseous fuels other than natural gas

 

SO2

200 <1>

400

-

350 <2>

-

35 <3> <4>

 

NOx

300 <5>

300 <5>

200

300 <6>

100

200

 

Dust

20 <7>

20 <7>

-

20 <8>

-

-

 

<1> The value does not apply in the case of plants firing exclusively woody solid biomass.

<2> Until 1 January 2025, 1 700 mg/Nm3 in the case of plants which are part of SIS or MIS.

<3> 400 mg/Nm3 in the case of low calorific gases from coke ovens, and 200 mg/Nm3 in the case of low calorific gases from blast furnaces, in the iron and steel industry.

<4> 100 mg/Nm3 in the case of biogas.

<5> 500 mg/Nm3 in the case of plants with a total rated thermal input equal to or greater than 1 MW and less than or equal to 5 MW.

<6> Until 1 January 2025, 450 mg/Nm3 when firing heavy fuel oil containing between 0,2% and 0,3% N and 360 mg/Nm3 when firing heavy fuel oil containing less than 0,2% N in the case of plants which are part of SIS or MIS.

<7> 50 mg/Nm3 in the case of plants with a total rated thermal input equal to or greater than 1 MW and less than or equal to 5 MW;

30 mg/Nm3 in the case of plants with a total rated thermal input greater than 5 MW and less than or equal to 20 MW.

<8> 50 mg/Nm3 in the case of plants with a total rated thermal input equal to or greater than 1 MW and less than or equal to 5 MW.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Table 2

Emission limit values (mg/Nm3) for new engines and gas turbines

Pollutant

Type of medium combustion plant

Gas oil

Liquid fuels other than gas oil

Natural gas

Gaseous fuels other than natural gas

 

SO2

Engines and gas turbines

-

120 <1>

-

15 <2>

 

NOx

Engines <3> <4>

190 <5>

190 <5> <6>

95 <7>

190

 

Gas turbines <8>

75

75 <9>

50

75

 

Dust

Engines and gas turbines

-

10 <10> <11>

-

-

 

<1> Until 1 January 2025, 590 mg/Nm3 for diesel engines which are part of SIS or MIS.

<2> 40 mg/Nm3 in the case of biogas.

<3> Engines running between 500 and 1 500 hours per year may be exempted from compliance with those emission limit values if they are applying primary measures to limit NOx emissions and meet the emission limit values set out in footnote <4>.

<4> Until 1 January 2025 in SIS and MIS, 1 850 mg/Nm3 for dual fuel engines in liquid mode and 380 mg/Nm3 in gas mode;

1 300 mg/Nm3 for diesel engines with <= 1 200 rpm with a total rated thermal input less than or equal to 20 MW and 1 850 mg/Nm3 for diesel engines with a total rated thermal input greater than 20 MW; 750 mg/Nm3 for diesel engines with > 1 200 rpm.

<5> 225 mg/Nm3 for dual fuel engines in liquid mode.

<6> 225 mg/Nm3 for diesel engines with a total rated thermal input less than or equal to 20 MW with <= 1 200 rpm.

<7> 190 mg/Nm3 for dual fuel engines in gas mode.

<8> These emission limit values are only applicable above 70% load.

<9> Until 1 January 2025, 550 mg/Nm3 for plants which are part of SIS or MIS.

<10> Until 1 January 2025, 75 mg/Nm3 for diesel engines which are part of SIS or MIS.

<11> 20 mg/Nm3 in the case of plants with a total rated thermal input equal to or greater than 1 MW and less than or equal to 5 MW.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Annex III

MONITORING OF EMISSIONS AND ASSESSMENT OF COMPLIANCE

Part 1

Monitoring of emissions by the operator

 

1. Periodic measurements shall be required at least:

- every three years for medium combustion plants with a rated thermal input equal to or greater than 1 MW and less than or equal to 20 MW,

- every year for medium combustion plants with a rated thermal input greater than 20 MW.

2. As an alternative to the frequencies referred to in point 1, in the case of medium combustion plants which are subject to Article 6(3) or Article 6(8), periodic measurements may be required at least each time the following numbers of operating hours have elapsed:

- three times the number of maximum average annual operating hours, applicable pursuant to Article 6(3) or Article 6(8), for medium combustion plants with a rated thermal input equal to or greater than 1 MW and less than or equal to 20 MW,

- the number of maximum average annual operating hours, applicable pursuant to Article 6(3) or Article 6(8), for medium combustion plants with a rated thermal input greater than 20 MW.

The frequency of periodic measurements shall in any case not be lower than once every five years.

3. Measurements shall be required only for:

(a) pollutants for which an emission limit value is laid down in this Directive for the plant concerned;

(b) CO for all plants.

4. The first measurements shall be carried out within four months of the grant of a permit to, or registration of, the plant, or of the date of the start of the operation, whichever is the latest.

5. As an alternative to the measurements referred to in points 1, 2 and 3(a), as regards SO2, other procedures, verified and approved by the competent authority, may be used to determine the SO2 emissions.

6. As an alternative to the periodic measurements referred to in point 1, Member States may require continuous measurements.

In the case of continuous measurements, the automated measuring systems shall be subject to checking by means of parallel measurements with the reference methods at least once per year and the operator shall inform the competent authority about the results of those checks.

7. Sampling and analysis of polluting substances and measurements of process parameters as well as any alternatives used as referred to under points 5 and 6 shall be based on methods enabling reliable, representative and comparable results. Methods complying with harmonised EN standards shall be presumed to satisfy this requirement. During each measurement, the plant shall be operating under stable conditions at a representative even load. In this context, start-up and shut-down periods shall be excluded.

 

Part 2

Assessment of compliance

 

1. In the case of periodic measurements, the emission limit values referred to in Article 6 shall be regarded as having been complied with if the results of each of the series of measurements or of the other procedures defined and determined in accordance with the rules laid down by the competent authority, do not exceed the relevant emission limit value.

2. In the case of continuous measurements, compliance with the emission limit values referred to in Article 6 shall be assessed as set out in point 1 of Part 4 of Annex V to Directive 2010/75/EU.

The validated average values are determined as set out in points 9 and 10 of Part 3 of Annex V to Directive 2010/75/EU.

3. For the purpose of the calculation of the average emission values, the values measured during the periods referred to in Article 6(11) and Article 6(12) as well as during the start-up and shut-down periods shall be disregarded.

1   2   3   4   5

Категория: Экология | Добавил: x5443x (09.06.2016)
Просмотров: 107 | Теги: загрязнение воздуха | Рейтинг: 0.0/0
Всего комментариев: 0
Добавлять комментарии могут только зарегистрированные пользователи.
[ Регистрация | Вход ]
...




Copyright MyCorp © 2016